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Bart Gorynski
3 months ago
Bart Gorynski
Smartivist | @bee smart city

Over the past seven years, the smart city concept has changed fundamentally in terms of the approaches that cities or communities have chosen for urban transformation. Driven by technology providers in the early years, governments as leaders of the smart city movement have later understood that technology is “only” the enabler for reaching governmental, economic and societal goals. Today, smart city strategies still consider technology as an enabler, but governments have learned that top-down initiatives or a “master planned” approach are not the determinants of success. Drivers for success are collaborative and participative citizen-/human-centric approaches. If a city or community wants to become smarter, it should take the needs and problems of its customers – citizens, businesses, workforce/commuters, entrepreneurs, academia and non-profit organizations – into account.

At bee smart city, we strongly believe that it is time for a new paradigm or evolutionary stage of the smart city. We lay out our arguments and practical perspective in the following paragraphs, leading you through the following topics:

1. Existing generations of smart cities
2. Call for a new paradigm of the smart city
3. The human element: rise of the “smartivist”